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Facts About West Nile Virus and Pest Control

We have gotten many calls from our customers about what are the facts, myths, and precautions for WNV.

Quick fact sheet:

West Nile virus (WNV) encephalitis is a mosquito-borne viral disease, which can cause an inflammation of the brain. WNV has been identified in over 40 states this year (2012), with Texas having the most confirmed cases.Mosquito

WNV successfully over-wintered in the northeastern United States and has been present in humans, horses, birds, and mosquitoes since being discovered in 1999 in the NY metropolitan area. Since that date, the collection of mosquitoes and confirmed cases have been recorded. As of August of 2012, more cases of WNV in humans and mosquito’s carrying the virus have been confirmed.

As of the date of the publication, PA has 5 and New Jersey has 1 confirmed case in a human.

WNV is transmitted to people by the bite of a mosquito that has become infectious after feeding on a bird infected with the virus. Birds serve as the reservoir hosts of WNV,

**Since we are not in the medical field we will not discuss symptoms of West Nile virus infection, and highly recommend that any illness be checked by your physician where a blood test can be conducted for potential cases for WNV. Symptoms usually appear 5 to 15 days from the time of an infected mosquito bite.

 If you find a dead bird in your yard or property, call your local authority (see below). Although many birds can become infected with the virus, Crows usually have the highest mortality. The mortality rate is much lower in other birds, then in crows. Because crows are extremely susceptible to WNV, any dead crow will be accepted by the NJDHSS.

 The WNV surveillance plan is coordinated among a number of state and local agencies;

Department of Environmental Protection (DEP),

Office of Mosquito Control and Coordination;

NJ Department of Health and Senior Services (DHSS);

Department of Agriculture, Division of Animal Health;

Rutgers University Center for Vector Biology;

21 county mosquito control agencies;

Local Health Departments;

The National Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC);

Reducing your risk of becoming infected with WNV?

  Mosquitoes breed in standing water, even in very small areas such as flowerpots or the pet food dishes. Eliminate stagnant water around the home in discarded tires, blocked gutters, unclean birdbaths, poorly maintained pools and any type of receptacle with decaying organic matter.

Mosquitoes are most active at dawn and dusk. Limit outdoor activities at dawn, dusk, and in the early evening, when possible.

Wear long-sleeved shirts and long pants whenever you are outdoors.

Make sure screen doors and windows are in good condition.

Place mosquito netting over infant carriers when you are outdoors with infants.

When outside, apply insect repellant to exposed skin. Always use an EPA-approved repellent according to the directions on the product label.

Spray clothing with repellents containing permethrin or another EPA-registered repellent since mosquitoes may bite through thin clothing.

Do not apply repellents containing permethrin directly to exposed skin. Do not apply clothing repellent to skin under your clothing.

Maintain your swimming pools. Empty or cover swimming pools when not in use.

Keep birdbaths clean. Change the water at least once a week.

FLY LIGHTS AND CO2 DEVISES PLACED IN OR AROUND YOUR YARD WILL NOT MAKE A DIFFERENCE AS THEY DO NOT CATCH ENOUGH ADULTS TO MAKE ANY DIFFERENCE

How Hoffman’s Exterminating can help protect you and your family;

1.)    Evaluate your property to determine if conditions exist that could be a breeding source.

2.)    Clean your gutters, and install “Leaf Defier” to prevent future breeding.

3.)    Treat areas around your yard that adult mosquitoes’ are known to rest during the day.

4.)    Provide lawn treatment to prevent resting adult mosquitos.

5.)    In some cases, we may be able to provide a larvicide treatment to areas that are known to be a breeding source.

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